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Задания 12-18



Прочитайте рассказ и выполните задания 12–18. В каждом задании обведите букву ABC или D, соответствующую выбранному вами варианту ответа.



Change your food choice


While recycling and refillable water bottles were once the most popular fad among the environmentally conscious, there is now a more pressing matter for humans to turn their attention to in order to slow global climate change: the animal industry.


When you navigate to the university website on campus sustainability, you find a list of all of the ways the University is making an effort to “go green”.  A plan to increase levels of recycling on campus? Great! Printers that reduce paper waste? Fantastic! A garden to collect excess rainwater? Amazing! Let’s go one step farther.


If we’re not actively educating students about the immense ways our food choices influence the environment, then we’re not doing enough to really serve the causes we claim to support. It’s not only about giving students the option to eat less meat but telling them how these choices can influence the future of the environment and create sustainable change. The question of whether eating meat is bad for the environment is not a question anymore. And the issue isn’t that people are unwilling to try more plant-based foods or unaware of the perils the environment is currently in, but rather, it’s that people aren’t aware of the effects their demand for meat has on the earth.


Lean and Green, a student initiative that strives to promote sustainability on campus through environmentally friendly and healthy diet choices, conducted a study that showed students don’t fully understand the impact their eating habits have on the environment.


The livestock industry of chickens, cows and pigs produces more greenhouse gas emissions that all cars and trucks combined, according to Greenpeace. So as we eat more meat, the demand for meat likewise goes up and increases those gases. But when we eat more meat alternatives instead, like nuts or tofu, we can make a big difference. According to Walter, if a person went vegetarian for a year, they would produce three times less carbon than if they were to purchase a hybrid car.


And interestingly, more than 92 percent of responders said they would like to see more plant-based foods in the university dining halls. So it’s clear that students are willing to eat less meat and explore more veggie-friendly options. But what’s not clear for students is why these options are imperative for making choices that help our planet.


With the student population of about 34,000, the University has the capability to make significant changes for the future of the environment. Give the students want they want – which is more diverse plant-based options – but also tell them why they should want it. Informing students about why these options are environmentally favorable can only inspire students to choose them more often. Posters throughout the dining halls, informational email campaigns, programs in residence halls and even financial incentives can help inform students and shape their knowledge and decision-making.


In conjunction with offering more vegetarian options, letting non-vegetarian students know about the sustainable benefits that come from choosing these foods can encourage them to eat them more often.


The animal industry is only going to grow if people keep eating meat. If our university wants to have an impact and keep up its reputation as environmentally conscious, it should ensure its students know how they can do their part to help the earth.




12. What should people consider to cut in relation to the climate change, according to the author?

A) Use of refillable bottles.

B) Meat production.

C) Level of environmental consciousness.

D) Development of eco-industry.



13. The author thinks that the university’s environmental efforts are …

A) incomplete.

B) irregular.

C) naive.

D) too specific.



14. The author thinks that her university can affect the environmental campaign by …

A) reducing meat options in menus on campus.

B) creating and offering new vegetarian dishes.

C) educating students about ecological problems.

D) increasing awareness of the harm the meat industry may incur.



15. The study conducted by Lean and Green showed that the students …

A) initiate environmental campaigns on campus.

B) are ready to change their eating habits.

C) prefer environmentally friendly food options.

D) are unaware of dangerous effects of a meat diet.



16. The author used the Greenpeace data to show that …

A) the animal industry harms the environment greatly.

B) transport is the main source of greenhouse gases production.

C) hybrid cars can reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

D) vegetarian food is much healthier for a person.



17. “It” in “… why they should want it” (paragraph 7) refers to …

A) ecological action.

B) vegetarian food.

C) informed choice.

D) dietary change.



18. What does the author say in the last paragraph?

A) The university should become environmentally friendly.

B) Environmentally conscious people should stop eating meat.

C) The university should educate its students about meat industry.

D) Ecological education can improve the university’s reputation.




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